XPkg - A Package Manager For Machine Configuration
January 23, 2020

Erica Sadun blogged recently about the trials and tribulations of upgrading a system with a long history of tooling on it.

(the link to that blog post seems to have vanished; I’m not sure if it’s been taken down or just moved, but it doesn’t really matter, as the post was just a prompt to me to write what follows)

This is a problem I could relate to, having been working with Macs since 1988, and over many years developed a large number of scripts, utilities and system hacks to make my life easier and more productive.

Fortunately (sort of), it’s a problem I’ve had to try to solve (or at least make easier), since I’ve regularly had to move between systems, and work on multiple systems at once.

At one point, whilst working on Football Manager, I was writing the low level cross platform libraries which had to build on the Mac, Windows, Linux, XBox 360, PSP and PS3! I had about three monitors on my desk, four or five machines under it, and was regularly booting into development environments for all of them. Fun times.

What I used to do for many years was have a single monolithic directory under source control, which contained all of my helpful stuff. This had a bootstrap script in it so in theory I could just fetch the repo to a new machine, and run the bootstrap script.

It was never quite that smooth, but worked, up to a point.

However, it got a little crufty. Over time, as I moved on, most of what was in it became irrelevant, but was still hanging around. Some bits of what was in it actually logically lived elsewhere, which once I’d moved the thing into git meant some dalliances with submodules.

Eventually I realised that what I needed to do was to modularise this big lump of stuff, so that I could still share common things between systems, and still set up a new system easily, but I could also just install the bits I needed on any given system.

This sounded awfully like a package manager! Unfortunately, the ones I was familiar with tended to be tied to the Mac.

“How hard could it be?”, I thought - foolishly - to make a really simple one myself. All it needs is the ability to download packages, and to run a little script inside a package to install/uninstall it.

And thus, XPkg was born.

It is very much a work in progress, and I wouldn’t necessarily say that it’s ready for other people, but Erica’s blog post reminded me that I had been meaning to tell other people that it existed.

Rather than repeat myself, I’ll let the Read Me file tell you more.

You may also be interested to know that not only is it written in Swift, it actually uses the Swift Package Manager as the transport mechanism for fetching the packages that it manages, and resolving dependencies between them.

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